This list relates to the 2016-17 which ended on 31/07/2017
  1. Week 1 - Introduction 1 item
    1. No set readings

  2. Week 2 - The Scandinavian Context 6 items
    This week will introduce some of the key themes and questions of the course. In particular, it will focus on the Scandinavian context of social awareness and on Ellen Key’s notion of ‘Beauty for All’ (1899) as a starting point for discussion of the life-reforming design aims of early theorists.
    1. Q: Critically assess the implications for design of Ellen Key's ideas in 'Beauty for All' (1899)

    2. National Romanticism - B. Miller Lane

      Chapter 

    3. Ellen Key - B. Miller Lane

      Chapter 

    4. Beauty in the Home - Ellen Key [1899]

      Chapter  (See, too, Miller Lane’s excellent introduction to this text, 19-31)

    5. Homes - K. Wickman

      Chapter 

  3. Week 3 - National Romanticism and the creation of design identity: i) Sweden and Norway 7 items
    The theme this week will be attempts to create a ‘national’ language of art in Scandinavia at the turn of the 20th century. Focusing on Sweden and Norway and drawing on examples from art, architecture and design, we will examine the use of nature, handcraft, mythology and history in developing potential modes of national expression.
    1. Q. Compare the role of the vernacular in Swedish and Norwegian national revivalism at the turn of the 20th C.

    2. The National - Christian Norberg-Schulz

      Chapter 

    3. Sweden - D. Hagströmer

      Chapter 

    4. Norway - I. Glambek

      Chapter 

    5. The Home as a Work of Art - B. Miller Lane

      Chapter  Pp. 79-90 & 103-122

  4. Week 4 - National Romanticism: ii) Finland 6 items
    As well as examining turn-of-the-century developments in Finland, this seminar can also be used to explore students’ own potential fields of interest in Iceland, Greenland or the Faroes.
    1. Q. Analyse the main features of Finish National Romanticism in architecture.

    2. Finland - M. Aav

      Chapter 

  5. Week 5 - National Romanticism: iii) Denmark 6 items
    Expanding themes introduced in weeks 3 and 4, this session will explore the context of Denmark.
    1. Q.a. What do you understand by the term 'Skønvirke'?
      b. How did Martin Nyrop's City Hall in Copenhagen attempt to embody the motto 'a city is what its citizens are' ('Saa er By som Borger')?

    2. New Capitals - B. Miller Lane

      Chapter 

    3. Hvidt, K., Copenhagen City Hall. The Building and Its Activities Through 100 Years, Copenhagen: Scanprint AS, 2005. This is NOT in the main library, but can be consulted in the Visual Resources Collection in Art History (see Andrew Demetrius).

  6. Week 6 - Independent Learning Week 1 item
    1. No set readings

  7. Week 7 - The German Influence 5 items
    This seminar will assess the important links between Scandinavian architectural and design theory and German Neues Bauen in the interwar period.
    1. Q. Discuss the influence of German architectural and design developments on Scandinavia after the First World War?

    2. Modern German architecture - Iain Boyd Whyte

      Chapter  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

    3. Browse widely in the Germany section of the bibliography: look in particular at sources on the Weissenhofsiedlung.

  8. Week 8 - Nordic Classicism 7 items
    Between 1910-30, Scandinavia developed its own particular form of modest neo-Classicism. The distinctive features of this style, which set it apart from contemporary European strands of neo-Classicism, will form the focus of this class.
    1. Q. How did 'Nordic Classicism' differ from other European Neo-Classicisms in the 1910s and 20s?

    2. Nightlands: Nordic buildings - Christian Norberg-Schulz 1996

      Book  Chapter 5: ‘The Foreign’ & Chapter 6: ‘The National’

    3. Gunnar Asplund - Peter Blundell Jones 2011, c2006

      Book  Chapters 3-6

  9. Week 9 - Functionalism 6 items
    This week we will examine Functionalism, the Scandinavian variant of the International Style, in terms of how it gave form to new political ideas of social democracy and became the material language of folkhemmet or the ‘People’s home’. We will look at the importance of the 1930 Stockholm Exhibition and the 1931 manifesto accepterá in the development of a distinctive Scandinavian language of design.
    1. Q. Critically assess acceptera (1931) as a manifesto of Functionalism. To what extent were its ideals realised in practice?

    2. acceptera (1931)

      Document  This is a very long text so browse relevant sections, but do read through Creagh's introduction on pp. 127-139

    3. Standertskjöld, E., 'The Turku Fair of 1929 – A Manifesto of Functionalism', in Erik Bryggman 1891-1955. Architect, Helsingfors: Museum of Finnish Architecture, 1991 (not in library – see SK)

    4. Nightlands: Nordic buildings - Christian Norberg-Schulz 1996

      Book  Chapter 7: 'The International' & Chapter 8: 'The Regional'

    5. Gunnar Asplund - Peter Blundell Jones 2011, c2006

      Book  Chapters 7 and 8

  10. Week 10 - Design 1930s & 40s 4 items
    We will continue to discuss how Scandinavian Functionalism both ‘humanised’ and regionalised the International Style in the 1930s and 40s through examination of figures like Alvar Aalto, Gunnar Asplund, Ove Bang and Arne Jacobsen.
    1. Q. What do you understand by the term 'Scandinavian synthesis' (Miller Lane) in relation to design in the 1930s and 40s?

    2. Functionalism and Beyond - Richard Weston

      Chapter 

    3. Browse sources on Aalto, Asplund and Jacobsen (see bibliography below). For other furniture designers (Mathsson, Almqvist, Berg, Klint, Wegner, Mogensen, Juhl etc), see books by Fiell, Ellison & Gura.

  11. Week 11 - Design 1950s: international triumph 6 items
    With the exhibition ‘Design in Scandinavia’ that toured North America in 1954-7, Scandinavian design became an international phenomenon. This seminar will explore the role of exhibitions in the creation of stereotypes or ‘myths’ of Scandinavian design.
    1. Q. Discuss the ways in which, and the reasons why, 'Scandinavian Design' became an international concept in the 1950s.

  12. Week 12 - Contemporary Scandinavian Design. Student showcase 4 items
    1. New Scandinavian design - Katherine E. Nelson, Raul Cabra 2004

      Book 

    2. Seventy Nordic architects - David B. Sokol, Monika Sarstad, Ann-Christine Carlsson 2008

      Book 

    3. Studio Olafur Eliasson: an encyclopedia - Anna Engberg-Pedersen, Olafur Eliasson 2008

      Book 

  13. GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY 140 items
    1. SCANDINAVIA 31 items
      (General surveys and studies relevant to more than one country)
      1. Nordic contemporary: art from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden - Hossein Amirsadeghi, Sophie Braine, Patricia G. Berman, Charlotte Bydler 2014

        Book 

      2. Century of the child: Nordic design for children 1900 to today - Hedvig Hedqvist, Elna Svenle 2014

        Book Recommended

      3. Scandinavian design - Charlotte Fiell, Peter Fiell 2002

        Book Recommended

      4. Scandinavian design beyond the myth: fifty years of design from the Nordic countries - Widar Halén, Kerstin Wickman 2003

        Book Suggested for student purchase

      5. Scandinavian design - Ulf Hard Af Segerstad 1961

        Book 

      6. Legacies of modernism: art and politics in northern Europe, 1890-1950 - Patrizia C. McBride, Richard W. McCormick, Monika Zagar 2007 (electronic book)

        Book 

      7. Scandinavian modern design, 1880-1980 - David Revere McFadden 1982

        Book Recommended

      8. New Scandinavian design - Katherine E. Nelson, Raul Cabra 2004

        Book 

      9. Nightlands: Nordic buildings - Christian Norberg-Schulz 1996

        Book Recommended

      10. Nordisk klassicism 1910-1930 - Simo Paavilainen 1982

        Book Recommended

      11. Seventy Nordic architects - David B. Sokol, Monika Sarstad, Ann-Christine Carlsson 2008

        Book 

      12. Scandinavian modern houses - Tobias Faber, Vibe Udsen, Per Nagel 2003

        Book 

    2. REGIONS 109 items
      (Remember also to refer to the important studies in the Scandinavian and General sections)
      1. SWEDEN 27 items
        1. Gunnar Asplund - Peter Blundell Jones 2011

          Book Recommended

        2. Sweden: 20th-century architecture - Claes Caldenby, Jóran Lindvall, Wilfried Wang 1998

          Book Recommended

        3. The world of Carl Larsson - Carl Larsson, Görel Cavalli-Björkman, Bo Lindwall, Allan Lake Rice 1993

          Book 

        4. Modern Swedish design: three founding texts - Uno Åhrén, Lucy Creagh, Helena Kåberg, Barbara Miller Lane 2008

          Book Recommended

        5. Orrefors, 100 years - Barbro Hovstadius 1998

          Book 

        6. 'Sweden' - D. Hagströmer

          Chapter 

        7. Swedish design - Denise Hagströmer 2001

          Book 

        8. Orrefors: a Swedish glassplant - Ann Marie Herlitz-Gezelius 1984

          Book 

        9. The Swedish art of building - Jöran Lindvall 1992

          Book 

        10. The Stockholm Town hall - Ragnar Östberg 1929

          Book 

        11. The brilliance of Swedish glass, 1918-1939: an alliance of art and industry - Anne-Marie Ericsson, Derek E. Ostergard, Nina Stritzler-Levine 1996

          Book 

        12. Stockholm 1930 - Morton P. Shand 1930

          Article 

        13. Carl and Karin Larsson: creators of the Swedish style - Michael Snodin, Elisabet Stavenow-Hidemark, Carl Larsson, Karin Larsson 1997

          Book 

        14. A Swedish legacy: decorative arts, 1700-1960, in the collections of the Nationalmuseum, Stockholm - Barbro Hovstadius, Micael Ernstell, Jan von Gerber, Cherry Lewis 1998

          Book 

        15. Utopia & reality: modernity in Sweden, 1900-1960 - Cecilia Widenheim 2002

          Book Recommended

      2. NORWAY 7 items
        (See also sources in the Scandinavian section)
        1. Visionaries and Weathercocks. Norwegian Furniture Design c. 1920-1965 - K. Fallan

          Article  Available online via Academia.edu (requires registration)

        2. Norway - I. Glambek

          Chapter 

      3. FINLAND 27 items
        (See also sources in the Scandinavian section)
        1. Finland - M. Aav

          Chapter 

        2. Finnish modern design: utopian ideals and everyday realities, 1930-1997 - Marianne Aav, Nina Stritzler-Levine 1998

          Book Recommended

        3. Funkis: Suomi nykyaikaa etsimässä - Suomen Rakennustaiteen Museo 1985

          Book 

        4. Modern Finnish design - Ulf Hard Af Segerstad 1969

          Book 

        5. Finland. Helsinki and beyond - Jeremy Howard

          Chapter Recommended

        6. Nature and space: Aalto and Le Corbusier - Sarah Menin, Flora Samuel 2003

          Book 

        7. Alvar Aalto - Nicholas Ray 2005

          Book 

        8. Treib, M., 'Gallen-Kallela: A Portrait of the Artist as an Architect', Architectural Association Quarterly, July – Sep. 1975, 3-13.

        9. Alvar Aalto - Richard Weston 1995

          Book Recommended

      4. DENMARK 14 items
        (See also sources in the Scandinavian section)
        1. Arne Jacobsen: objects and furniture design - Sandra Dachs, Patricia de Muga, Laura García Hintze 2010

          Book 

        2. Dansk arkitektur 250 år =: 250 years of Danish architecture - Kim Dirckinck-Holmfeld, Martin Keiding, Marianne Amundsen 2004

          Book Recommended

        3. Arts and crafts architecture: the search for earthly paradise - Peter Davey 1980

          Book  (Page 196 for Nyrop’s City Hall)

        4. A history of Danish architecture - Tobias Faber, Frederic R. Stevenson 1963

          Book 

        5. New Danish architecture - Tobias Faber, Erwin Rockwell 1968

          Book 

        6. Fisker, K., 'The History of Domestic Architecture in Denmark', The Architecture of Denmark, The Architectural Press, 1949, 13-20 (not in library – see SK)

        7. Gelfer-Jørgensen, M., 'Skønvirke. A short Essay on National Aspects in Danish applied Art around 1900', Scandinavian Journal of Design History, 14, 2004, 72-81 (see SK)

        8. Wegner: just one good chair - C. Holmsted Olesen 2014

          Book 

        9. Hvidt, K., Copenhagen City Hall. The Building and Its Activities Through 100 Years, Copenhagen: Scanprint AS, 2005. This is NOT in the main library, but can be consulted in the Visual Resources Collection in Art History (see Andrew Demetrius).

        10. Landmarks: the modern house in Denmark - Michael Sheridan, Thomas Loof, Pernille Pedersen 2014

          Book 

      5. GERMANY 17 items
        1. Designing modern Germany - Jeremy Aynsley 2009

          Book 

        2. New objectivity: painting, graphic art and photography in Weimar Germany, 1919-1933 - Sergiusz Michalski, Rolf Taschen, Michael Claridge 1994

          Book 

        3. Architecture and politics in Germany, 1918-1945 - B. Miller Lane 1968

          Book  Available in the Library and as an e-book

        4. Architectural guide: 20th century, Germany - Winfried Nerdinger, Cornelius Tafel 1996

          Book 

        5. Weissenhof 1927 and the modern movement in architecture - Richard Pommer, Christian F. Otto 1991

          Book 

        6. Bauhaus - Frank Whitford 1984

          Book 

        7. The Expressionist Utopia - I. B. Whyte

          Chapter Recommended

        8. The Many faces of modern architecture: building in Germany between the World Wars - John Zukowsky, Kennie Ann Laney-Lupton, Wojciech G. Lesnikowski 1994

          Book 

      6. GENERAL CONTEXT 17 items
        1. Art nouveau, 1890-1914 - Paul Greenhalgh 2000

          Book 

        2. Modernism in design - Paul Greenhalgh 1990

          Book 

        3. Form follows function? - Susan Lambert, Victoria and Albert Museum 1993

          Book 

        4. International arts and crafts - Karen Livingstone, Linda Parry 2005

          Book 

        5. Twentieth century design - Jonathan M. Woodham 1997

          Book 

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