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  1. REQUIRED FILMS 40 items
    There are several films required for the module, and these will be discussed in-depth during seminars. It is up to students to view required films in full on their own time, individually or as a group.
    1. War Don Don, - dir. Rebecca Richman Cohen 2010

      Audio-visual document  [Amazon or YouTube Movies]. For discussion in Week 1

    2. Inglorious Basterds - dir. Quentin Tarantino 2009 (dvd)

      Audio-visual document  For discussion in Week 6

    3. The Act of Killing - dir. Joshua Oppenheimer 2012 (dvd)

      Audio-visual document  For discussion in Week 7

    4. The look of silence - Joshua Oppenheimer, Adi Rukun, M. Y. Basrun, Amir Hasan 2015 (dvd)

      Audio-visual document  For discussion in Week 7

    5. Lumumba: la mort du prophète - Rauol Peck 1992

      Audio-visual document  For discussion in Week 10; N.B.: The required film is Peck’s 1992 documentary and not his feature fictional film of 2000 by the name Lumumba.

    6. Other Recommended Films (Fictional Features) 13 items
      1. The battle of Algiers - Pontecorvo, Gillo 1966 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document 

      2. Medium cool - Wexler, Haskell 1969 (videorecording)

        Audio-visual document  1968 Chicago Convention.

      3. Cutter's way - Passer, Ivan 1981 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  Vietnam.

      4. The killing fields - Joffé, Roland 1984 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  Cambodia.

      5. Salvador - Stone, Oliver 1986 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document 

      6. Lumumba - Peck, Raoul 2002 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  DR Congo.

      7. Sometimes in April - Peck, Raoul 2005 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  Rwanda.

      8. In the Valley of Elah - Paul Haggis 2008 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  Iraq War.

      9. Django unchained - Quentin Tarantino 2012 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  Slavery in the United States.

      10. American sniper - Clint Eastwood 2014 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  Iraq war.

      11. (Rwanda Things of the Aimless Wanderer) [Dir. Kivua Ruhorahoza, 2015, 78 mins.] On order.

      12. Avoir 20 ans dans les Aurès - René Vautier, Alexandre Arcady, Hamid Djellouli, Philippe Léotard 2006 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  (To be Twenty in the Aures) French pacifists and the Algerian War

      13. Moi, un noir - Jean Rouch, Oumarou Ganda, Petit Touré, Gambi 2010 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  Nigeria/cote d'Ivoire

    7. Other Recommended Films (Documentary): 22 items
      1. Copies of the following are available in the Library:

      2. Général Idi Amin Dada: autoportrait - Barbet Schroeder, Idi Amin, Figaro Films, Mara Films (Firm) 2002

        Audio-visual document  Uganda

      3. Darwin's nightmare - Hubert Sauper 2004 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  Tanzania

      4. Liberia: an uncivil war - Jonathan Stack, James Brabazon, California Newsreel (Firm) c2008 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  liberia

      5. God grew tired of us - Christopher Quinn, Tommy Walker, Nicole Kidman, Panther Bior 2007 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  Lost boys of Sudan

      6. War Dance - Sean Fine, Andrea Nix Fine, Albie Hecht, Dominic 2007 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  Acholi in northern Uganda

      7. The Devil came on horseback - Sundberg, Annie, Stern, Ricki 2007 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  Sudan/ Darfur.

      8. No end in sight - Ferguson, Charles 2007 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  Iraq.

      9. Taxi to the dark side - Gibney, Alex 2003 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  Afghanistan.

      10. The greatest silence: rape in the Congo - Jackson, Lisa F. [2007] (dvd)

        Audio-visual document 

      11. Desert Flower - Horman, Sherry 2003 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document 

      12. A Hijacking - dir. Tobias Lindholm 2012 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document 

      13. The square - Jehane Noujaim, Ahmed Hassan, Khalid Abdalla, Magdy Ashour 2014 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  Egypt

      14. The hunting ground - Kirby Dick, Anchor Bay Entertainment, Inc, Chain Camera Pictures (Firm) 2015 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document  US Collegiate campus rape

      15. El botón de nácar - Patricio Guzmán 2016

        Audio-visual document  (The Pearl Button) Chile

      16. Cartel Land - Matthew Heineman, Tom Yellin, H. Scott Salinas, Jackson Greenberg 2015 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document 

      17. They will have to kill us first: Malian music in Exile - Johanna Schwartz, Sarah Mosses, John Schwartz, Kat Amara-Korba 2016

        Audio-visual document 

      18. Madina's dream - Andrew Berends, Ashley Jenkins, Stephen Barton, Storyteller Productions 2015 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document 

      19. La commune: Paris 1871 - Peter Watkins, Eliane Annie Adalto, Pierre Barbieux, Bernard Bombeau 2000 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document 

      20. You may also want to follow up on these titles:



        Weapons of the Spirit (Holocaust) [Dir. Pierre Sauvage, 1987]

        Cry Freetown (Sierra Leone) [Dir. Sorious Samura, 2000, CNN Productions and Insight News Television]

        Ghosts of Rwanda (Rwanda) [Dirs. Greg Barker & Darren Kemp, 2004, 120 mins., PBS Frontline]



        War/Dance (Acholi in northern Uganda) [Dirs. Sean Fine & Andrea Nix Fine, 2007, 105 mins.]

        War Don Don (Sierra Leone) [Dir. Rebecca Richman Cohen, 2010, 83 mins.]

        The House I Live In (War on Drugs) [Eugene Jarecki, 2012]

        The Square (Egypt) [Dir. Jehane Noujaim, 2013, 108 mins.]

        The Salt of the Earth (Sebastian Salgado) [Dir. Wim Wenders, 2014, 110 mins.]

        Bitter Lake (Afghanistan) [Dir. Adam Curtis, 2015, 137 mins.]

        The Hunting Ground (US collegiate campus rape) [Dir. Kirby Dick, 2015, 103 mins.]

        The Pearl Button (Chile) [Dir. Patricio Guzman, 2015, 82 mins.]

        Cartel Land [Dir. Matthew Heineman, 2015, 100 mins.]

        They Will Have to Kill Us First (Mali) [Dir. Johanna Schwartz, 2015, 105 mins.]

        Madina's Dream (South Sudan) [Dir. Abdrew Berends, 2015, 82 mins.]

  2. Essential Texts 6 items
    It is recommended that students purchase the following texts or ensure they have access to them.
    1. A different kind of war story - Carolyn Nordstrom 1997

      Book  [Essential for Week 8, so best to get a jumpstart on reading it.]

    2. Imagining the Congo: the international relations of identity - Kevin C. Dunn 2003

      Book  [Essential for Week 9, so best to get a jumpstart on reading it.] Available in the Library and as an e-book

    3. - e-book of earlier edition also available:

    4. Theories of International Relations - Scott Burchill 2005 (electronic book)


    5. [See also list of relevant journals and websites at the bottom of the page]

  3. Part I. Conflict Analysis: Writing a Case Study

  4. Week 1 Module Introduction and Researching a Case Study 24 items
    1. Required for introductory discussion 12 items
      1. Video Backpacker 2010

        Audio-visual document  from the movie Slacker [ Di. Richard Linklater]

      2. Gap Yah - Matt Lacey 2010

        Audio-visual document 

      3. Gap Yah 2: Afterparty - Matt Lacey 2010

        Audio-visual document 

      4. The gap-year video spoof that went viral | The Guardian - Tom Melzer 28/03/2010

        Article  (Quote from article:"It's a satire on the great number of people who seem to be leaving these shores to vomit all over the developing world." Matt Lacey)

      5. International relations theory: a critical introduction - Cynthia Weber 2010

        Book  Read: Cynthia Weber, ‘The Myth Function in IR Theory.’ Available in the library and as an e-book.

      6. War Don Don - dir. Rebecca Richmas Cohan 2010

        Audio-visual document  Sierra Leone [Amazon or YouTube Movies].

      7. Beasts of No Nation - Cary Joji Fukunaga

        Audio-visual document  [Netflix]

    2. Required for discussion of developing a research question 2 items
      1. Real world research: a resource for users of social research methods in applied settings - Colin Robson 2011

        Book  Chapter 3, 'Developing Your Ideas' (digitised) and Chapter 4, ' General Design Issues'.

      2. Discussion questions: On what basis should we choose a conflict case study? How does one write a literature review? 

    3. Recommended for writing a literature review 5 items
      1. What do the following literature reviews do well? What are some of the principal debates and issues in analysis of civil conflict? What are the areas and issues that require further research?

      2. Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method approaches - Creswell, John W. 2013

        Book  Chapter 2 - Review of the literature

    4. Also recommended 5 items
      1. Researching violently divided societies: ethical and methodological issues - Marie Smyth, Gillian Robinson 2001

        Book  Read: Marie Smyth, ‘Introduction,’ pp.1-11. Available in the library and as an e-book.

      2. Researching conflict in Africa: insights and experiences - Elisabeth J. Porter 2005

        Book  Read: Eghosa Osaghae and Gillian Robinson, ‘Introduction,’ pp.1-6; AND Elisabeth J. Porter, ‘Conclusion: Reflections on Contemporary Research in Africa,’ pp.156-65. Available in the library and as an e-book.

      3. The Sage handbook of qualitative research - Denzin, Norman K., Lincoln, Yvonna S. 2011


      4. Aditional Discussion and Independent study questions:


        1. When reserching violent conflict, is objectivity possible? Desirable?

        2. What is the diffrence between describing conflict and explaining conflict?

        3. What is the difference between research that seeks to understand the world and research that aims to change the world? Are they mutually compatible or exclusive research aims? which comes first? WHich should we strive for?

  5. Week 2 Writing a Case Study: Method 27 items
    1. What is methodology and why does it matter to the study of violent conflict? 

      Identify diffrent methodological approaches and discuss their relevance to conflict analysis.

    2. Required 2 items
      1. The interpretation of cultures: selected essays - Clifford Geertz 1973

        Book  Read - ‘Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture'. Available in the library and as an e-book.

      2. Interpretive social science: a reader - Rabinow, Paul, Sullivan, William M. 1979

        Book  Read ‘From the Native’s Point of View: On the Nature of Anthropological Understanding,’ pp. 225-41.

    3. Required, for Large-Group Discussion 12 items
      Read AT LEAST THREE of the following
      1. 1. Discourse Analysis 3 items
        1. OR

      2. 2. Ethnography (Participant Observation): 1 item
      3. 3. Ethnography (Interviews and Focus Groups): 1 item
      4. 4. Survey-Based Research and Causal Analysis: 1 item
        1. Disentangling the Determinants of Successful Demobilization and Reintegration - Jeremy Weinstein, Macartan Humphreys 2005

          Document  Electronic Resource.

      5. 5. Process Tracing, Counterfactual Analysis, and Cross-Case Comparison: 1 item
      6. 6. Process Tracing: 1 item
      7. 7. Cross-Case Comparison from Field Research: 1 item
      8. 8. Thick Description (Life Histories) 1 item
      9. 9. Thick Description (Internet Research): 1 item
      10. 10. Deconstruction (and Cross-Case Comparison): 1 item
    4. Recommended General Reading on Case Study Methodology: 10 items
      1. Case Study and Theory in Political Science - Harry Eckstein

        Chapter  [What are the different types of case study identified by Eckstein?]

      2. An introduction to social constructionism - Vivien Burr 1995

        Book  Read: Chapter 10, ‘What do discourse analysts do?’. pp.159-83. Available in the library and as an e-book.

      3. OR:

      4. An Introduction to Social Constructionism - Vivien Burr 2003

        Book  Read: Chapter 8, 'Social Constructionist Research'. Available in the library and as an e-book.

      5. Case studies and theory development - Alexander L. George, Andrew Bennett 2005

        Chapter  [What is meant by a ‘structured’ and ‘focused’ comparison?]

      6. Researching conflict in Africa: insights and experiences - Elisabeth J. Porter 2005

        Book  Read: Dominic Agyeman, ‘Methodological Lessons: Working with Liberian and Togolese Refugees in Ghana,’ pp.56-63 Available in Library and as an e-book.

      7. The philosophy of social science: an introduction - Martin Hollis 2002

        Book  Read: Chapter 4 (‘Ants, Spiders and Bees: A Third Way?’). Read Chapters 1, 2, 3. The 1994 edition is also available in the library.

      8. Democracy with Adjectives: Conceptual Innovation in Comparative Research - David Collier, Steven Levitsky 1997

        Article  [What are parsimony, analytic differentiation, and conceptual validity?]

      9. Designing social inquiry: scientific inference in qualitative research - Gary King, Robert O. Keohane, Sidney Verba 1994

        Book  [How can ‘small-n problems’ be resolved, according to KKV? Does it matter?]. Available in the library and as an e-book.

      10. Readings in the philosophy of social science - Martin, Michael, McIntyre, Lee C. c1994

        Book  [Part II of this book contains Geertz ‘Thick Description’ as well as other important readings on the disputed role of general laws in social scientific explanation. The chapter by Brian Fay and J. Donald Moon, ‘What Would an Adequate Philosophy of Social Science Look Like?’ is also a good introduction.]

    5. Recommended Reading of Additional Examples of Different Methodological Approaches to the Study of Conflict 2 items
      Quantitative/Comparative Analysis:
      1. International Peacebuilding: A Theoretical and Quantitative Analysis - Michael W. Doyle, Nicholas Sambanis 2000

        Article  [Also think about: What are the primary assumptions that Doyle and Sambanis make about conflict theory and methodology – are these explicit/transparent in their text or implied? Does this matter?]

  6. Week 3: Researching Violence: Data Collection Exercise 1 item
    1. No set readings.

  7. Week 4 Writing a Case Study: Theoretical and Analytical Frameworks 21 items
    How does our theoretical stance influence the way in which we understand, analyze, and approach conflict?
    1. Required 2 items
      1. Theories of international relations (3rd ed.) - Scott Burchill 2005 (electronic book)

        Book  Chapters on Constructivism, Critical Theory, Post-Modernism, Rationalism, and Feminism.

      2. Theories of international relations (2nd ed.) - Scott Burchill 2001

        Book  Read: Chapter on Critical Theory (not included in the 5th edition).

    2. Required, for Large-Group Discussion: Read AT LEAST THREE of the following. 15 items
      Which particular assumptions of IR theories are on display in the following readings? What is the principal research question of each and how does the theoretical position taken shape the approach to that question? What unique insights into conflict in Sierra Leone does each theoretical stance contribute? [Also ask: which methods do these studies adopt, and how are those related to the theoretical position taken?]
      1. 1. Positivism/Realism 6 items
        1. Or:

        2. Doing Well Out of War: An Economic Perspective - Paul Collier 2000

          Chapter  [What do we think about the use of ‘proxies’ to measure conflict?); It may be helpful to you to read a critical response to Collier’s research; e.g., Michael L. Ross, ‘What Do We Know about Natural Resources and Civil War?’ Journal of Peace Research 41:3 (2004), pp.337-56; or, Christopher Cramer, Civil War Is Not a Stupid thing (London: C. Hurst & Co., 2006)]

        3. See the following 2 items

      2. 2. Constructivism/Post-Modernism 1 item
      3. 3. Post-Colonialism: 3 items
        1. Or:


        2. Critical Fanonism - Henry Louis Gates, Jr. 1991

          Article  [A careful analysis of the use of Fanon and discourse analysis in post-colonial studies.]

      4. 4. Critical Theory: 1 item
      5. 5. Feminism: 2 items
        1. Female Fighters in the Sierra Leone war: challenging the assumptions? - Chris Coulter 2008

          Article  (This case study is also a good example of interview-led research.)

      6. 6. Post-Modernism: 1 item
        1. Taming chaos: A foucauldian view of UN peacekeeping, democracy and normalization - Laura Zanotti 2006

          Article  [Also consider: How does Zanotti link method to theory in this article? Does she discuss deconstruction and discourse analysis?]

      7. Required, for small-group discussion: 1 item
        1. Peacekeeping, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding: A Reconsideration of Theoretical Frameworks - A.B Fetherston 2000

          Chapter  [Which ideas of Burton, Lederach, and others does Fetherston draw on to make her claims about conflict resolution? Which ideas from critical theory does she adopt and apply in her chapter?]

    3. Recommended 4 items
      1. An introduction to social constructionism - Vivien Burr 1995

        Book  Read: (Introduction and Chapters 3,4,and 6). Available in the library and as an e-book.

      2. OR

      3. Social constructionism - Burr, Vivien 2003

        Book  Chapter 1-5

  8. Part II. Problematizing Conflict

  9. Week 5 Analyzing Conflict: Dilemmas 24 items
    What are the implications of the nature of conflict for the way in which we approach it analytically?
    1. Required: 4 items
      1. Creativity and Chaos: War on the Front Lines - Carolyn Nordstrom 1995

        Chapter  Available in the Library and as an e-book.

      2. A different kind of war story - Carolyn Nordstrom 1997

        Book  Chapter 1, 'Creativity, violence and the Scholar', pp. 1-32

    2. Required, for small-group Discussion: 2 items
      What are the ethical dilemmas associated with researching conflict? Why is the role of positionality in research often overlooked? What is the relationship between power and peacebuilding research?
      1. Positionality and Power: The Politics of Peacekeeping Research - Marsha Henry, Paul Higate, Gurchathen Sanghera 2009

        Article  Electronic Resource.

    3. Recommended: 14 items
      1. Theory from the south, or, How Euro-America is evolving toward Africa - Jean Comaroff, John L. Comaroff 2012

        Book  Read Introduction

      2. Insider-outsider Issues in Researching Violent and Divided Societies - Marie Smyth 2005

        Chapter  Available in the library and as an e-book.

      3. The idea of Africa - V. Y. Mudimbe 1994


      4. Critical social science: liberation and its limits - Brian Fay 1987

        Book  [Especially, sections 3.2, 5.2, and 6.2.]

      5. Can the Subaltern Speak - Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak 1988


      6. The Spivak reader - Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Donna Landry, Gerald M MacLean 1995


      7. White mythologies: writing history and the West - Robert J.C. Young 1990

        Book  A careful elaboration of Spivak's and Bhabha's positions in terms of their different theoretical engagements

      8. On violence - Hannah Arendt 1970

        Book  Chapter 1.

      9. The wretched of the earth - Frantz Fanon, Jean-Paul Sartre, Constance Farrington 1967

        Book  Read Frantz Fanon, ‘Concerning Violence,’ pp. 27-8.

      10. Giving an account of oneself - Judith Butler 2005


      11. Using conflict theory - Otomar J. Bartos, Paul Ernest Wehr 2002

        Book  Read: Chapters 1, 2, 3. Available in the library and as an e-book.

    4. Recommended, on Ethics: 4 items
      1. An Open Letter to a Young Researcher - Adrian Adams

        Article  (What are the ethical issues raised in this ‘letter’?)

      2. Ethics in action: the ethical challenges of international human rights nongovernmental organizations - Daniel Bell, Jean-Marc Coicaud 2007

        Book  [Do NGOs and academics face similar ethical challenges in the field?]

      3. Confessions of a Vampire Anthropologist - P. Loizos 1994

        Article  [What is a ‘vampire anthropologist’?]

  10. Week 5 Case Study Workshop 2, Wednesday seminar bloc. 0 items
  11. Week 6. Analyzing Conflict: Issues and Modes of Representation I 9 items
    What does it mean to ‘represent’ conflict? How is representation linked to the following issues: aestheticism, mimesis, objectivity, anesthetization, and silence vs. narration? What can other disciplines and media teach us about the nature of conflict?
    1. Required: 6 items
      1. Inglorious Basterds - dir. Quentin Tarantino 2009 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document 

    2. Recommended: 3 items
      1. Studies in trans-disciplinary method: after the aesthetic turn - Michael J. Shapiro 2013

        Book  [Chapter 1 “Philosophy, Method and the Arts”]

      2. Moving media and conflict studies beyond the CNN effect - Eytan Gilboa, Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert, Jason Miklian, Piers Robinson 2016


  12. Week 7 Analyzing Conflict: Issues and Modes of Representation II 54 items
    1. Required: 2 items
      1. Films: 2 items
        1. The act of killing - dir. Joshua Oppenheimer 2012 (dvd)

          Audio-visual document 

        2. The look of silence - dir. Joshua Oppenheimer 2014 (dvd)

          Audio-visual document 

    2. Required, for large- or small-group discussion: 1 item
      1. View a film or television series of your choice. You might opt to select a film from the list of recommended films in this module booklet, or choose your own. Come prepared to discuss:

        -- In what ways does the film/TV series reflect or challenge dominant thought and practice in international relations?

        -- Which methods and devices does the filmic/televisual text employ to communicate its themes and ideas?

    3. Required for large group discussions 26 items
      Complete the indicated readings for at least TWO of the following forms of representation, and come prepared to discuss:
      1. 1. Literature: 3 items
        1. AND

      2. 2. Film: 3 items
        1. AND

      3. 3. Photography: 3 items
        1. AND

      4. 4. Video Gaming: 5 items
        1. OR

        2. OR

      5. 5. Music: 3 items
        1. AND

      6. 6. Visual Arts: 3 items
        1. AND

      7. 7. Science Fiction: 5 items
        1. OR

        2. OR

      8. 8. Television: 1 item
        1. Charli Carpenter, 'Game of Thrones as Theory,' Foreign Affairs, 29 March 2012,

    4. Recommended: 23 items
      1. Cinematic geopolitics - Shapiro, Michael J. 2009


      2. Cézanne: a life - Alex Danchev 2013


      3. Amusing ourselves to death: public discourse in the age of show business - Neil Postman 1987

        Book  Read: Chapter 1 ‘The Medium Is the Metaphor,’ and Chapter 7, ‘Now…This.

      4. The Body of the Condemned - Michel Foucault 1995


      5. Art and Peacebuilding: How Theatre Transforms Conflict in Sri Lanka - Nilanjana Premaratna, Roland Bleiker

        Chapter  Available in the library and as an e-book.

      6. OR

      7. Millennium - Journal of International Studies - Special Issue on: Images and Narratives in World Politics December 2001

        Journal  [Esp. Louiza Odysseos, ‘Laughing Matters: Peace, Democracy and the Challenge of the Comic Narrative,’ pp.709-32].

      8. AND

    5. Films: 2 items
      1. The battle of Algiers - dir. Gillo Pontecorvo 1966 (dvd)

        Audio-visual document 

      2. Medium cool - dir. Haskell Wexler 2004 (videorecording)

        Audio-visual document 

  13. Part III. Conflict Analysis: Case Studies

  14. Week 8 Conflict, Ethnography and Thick Description: Mozambique 12 items
    What is Nordstrom’s ‘ethnography of a warzone’ and how does this differ from ethnography? What are the strengths and weaknesses of an ethnographic approach to conflict analysis? Does ethnography overlook material and political factors? Which factors account for the nature and duration of the Mozambican conflict between Renamo and Frelimo?
    1. Required: 2 items
      1. The interpretation of cultures: selected essays - Clifford Geertz 1973

        Book  Chapter 1 - Clifford Geertz, ‘Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture’. Available in the library and as an e-book.

      2. A different kind of war story - Carolyn Nordstrom 1997

        Book  Chapter 1 digitised and excerpts available on Google Books

    2. Recommended: 10 items
      1. A history of Mozambique - Newitt, Malyn 1995

        Book  (Chapters 19 & 20). [What, according to Newitt, were the principal causes of the conflict between Renamo and Frelimo?]

      2. The UN Security Council: from the Cold War to the 21st century - Malone, David 2004

        Book  Aldo Ajello and Patrick Whitmann, ‘Mozambique,’ pp.437-50

      3. Success in Mozambique - Michael Cahen


      4. Why peacekeeping fails - Dennis C. Jett 2001


  15. Week 9. Conflict, Discourse, and Post-Modernism: Imagining the Congo 24 items
    Why is discourse important to Dunn? Where does he locate discourse (what are his main sources?) ‘What are the implications of “imagining” for the Congo? Whose imagination are we talking about?’ ‘[T]he history of the “Congo” in international relations is largely the history of the struggles over the discursive narratives and representations of identity.’ What does Dunn mean by this?
    1. Required 2 items
      1. Imagining the Congo: the international relations of identity - Kevin C. Dunn 2003

        Book  Read: Chapter 1. Available in the library and as an e-book.

      2. Postmodernism - Richard Devetak

        Chapter  Review

    2. Recommended: 22 items
      1. D. R. Congo: Explaining Peace Building Failures, 2003-2006 - Séverine Autesserre 2007

        Article  [The focus of the UN on national-level security has ignored local and regional roots of conflict and has failed to bring peace to eastern Congo.]

      2. An introduction to social constructionism - Vivien Burr 1995

        Book  1995 (Chapter 10, ‘What do discourse analysts do?’, pp.159-83) Available in Library and as an e-book

      3. OR

      4. Social constructionism - Vivien Burr 2003

        Book  Chapter 8, ‘Social Constructionist Research,’ Available in Library and as an e-book

      5. Warlord politics and African states - William Reno 1998

        Book  Available in Library and as an e-book

      6. Congo: Consolidating the Peace. Africa Report No. 128 2007

        Document  See also additional, recent ICG Congo reports online – registration for ICG reports is free.

      7. African guerrillas - Christopher S. Clapham 1998


  16. Week 10. Conflict, Representation, and Post-colonialism: Lumumba: La mort du prophète 21 items
    Which techniques does Peck use to narrate the story of Lumumba’s life and death? How are the spaces and peoples of the metropole implicated in his narrative? Why is the issue of absence important to his narration?
    1. Required: 5 items
      1. Film:

      2. Lumumba: la mort du prophète - Rauol Peck 1992

        Audio-visual document  N.B.: The required film is Peck's 1992 documentary and not his feature film of 2000 by the same name.

      3. Reading:

    2. Recommended 16 items
      1. M. Mwagiru (2006) Conflict in Africa: Theory, Processes and Institutions of Management (Nairobi: CCR Publications).

      2. E. Wamba-dia-Wamba (1992) 'Beyond Elite Politics of Democracy in Africa,' Quest: An International African Journal of Philosophy, 6:1, 29-42.

      3. The location of culture - Homi K. Bhabha 2004

        Book  Chapter 4, ‘Of Mimicry and Man: The Ambivalence of Colonial Discourse'

  17. Week 11 Case Study Workshop 4 0 items
  18. JOURNALS 1 item
    1. The following journals regularly publish scholarly articles on issues pertaining to conflict analysis:


      Civil Wars                                                           International Security

      Cooperation and Conflict                                International Studies Quarterly

      Foreign Affairs                                                   Journal of Peace Research

      Global Governance                                          Security Dialogue

      Global Society                                                   Survival

      International Affairs                                        Third World Quarterly

      International Organization                               World Politics

      International Peacekeeping                              Peace and Change

      Nationalism and Ethnic Politics                        Millennium

      Review of International Studies                       Journal of Conflict Resolution

      Paradigms                                                           Alternatives

      Middle Eastern Studies                                     European Security

      Foreign Policy


  19. Websites: 18 items
    this section is currently being updated. Useful websites that frequently link to or publish reports and relevant research include:
    1. European Centre for Conflict Prevention - The Hague Justice Portal

      Webpage  The European Centre for Conflict Prevention holds the secretariat for the European Platform for Conflict Prevention and Transformation

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